Articles submission should be done online at our website here.
Report of Biological Education accept articles written in English and Indonesian. Articles in English will be first reviewed by editorial staff. The main text of a manuscript must be submitted as a Word document (.doc) or Rich Text Format (.rtf) file.
The articles submitted here have not been published and are not currently in the process of scientific publication elsewhere.
General Guidelines for Writing Article
- Articles written in English or Indonesian. English preferred.
- Paper size A4 (21 x 30 cm), top and left margins 3 cm, right and bottom margins 2,54 cm
- Times New Roman typography, mostly 11 pt for main text
- Main text use left margin justify and indentation on the first sentence of all paragraph.
- The length of the article including abstracts, correspondence, content, and references is 5 to 14 pages.
- Images in manuscript is JPEG/PNG 300dpi and must submit an editable format in supplementary files.
- Tables, images and mathematical equations is written in an editable format for editors.
Systematic of the Article
The title consists of a maximum of 14 words with initial capital letters for each word.
Author names and affiliations
Authors name are written sequentially lengthwise from the first author without academic degree. Authors addresses are written complete including the name of the institution, the road, and the country. Write the phone/ mobile phone number and email correspondence. Contact details must be kept up to date by the corresponding author.
Abstract is written both in Indonesian and English and containing 150-200 words in a paragraph without indentation. The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the methods used, the principal results and major conclusions. It emphasizes research results in which writen in single line spacing.
Keywords are mentioned below the abstract, written in English or Indonesian, containing 3 to 6 words or phrases (avoid, for example, 'and', 'of', 'or').
Introduction is written without subtitles / sub chapters and stating the outset of articles substance containing topics, gap phenomena / research gap / theoretical gap, problems, objectives, originality, grand theory / theory used in the study, and hypothesis formulation. Introduction offers theoretical concepts, ideas, and presents the findings of previous research as comparators, as well as the strengthening, enrichment and refinement of discussion, analysis and interpretation. The presentation should be coherent chronologically and the logical relationship between one paragraph and the following paragraph should be clear.
Method is the sufficient information for the reader to follow the research flow well, so that the reader who will examine or develop similar research obtains the description of the research steps. This section describes the types of research and data types, population and sample, operational research variables, the data used (types and sources), data collection technique, and data analysis technique (model analysis).
Result and Discussion
The results are presented systematically, written without sub-chapters and written out completely in advance, then the author writes result discussion. The result narration contains the information, which is taken from the data, does not tell the data as it is, but tell the meaning of the data or information. For the information clarification purposes, author can add tables, images, etc. In addition, the results also present the items listed in the research objectives or the results of hypothesis examination which is proposed along with each step taken to the examination as written in the method section.
Discussion suggests results interpretation, argument development by linking the results, theories, and opinions, including the comparison with previous research results. It is also important to raise the possibility of their research results contribution to the development of science. This section does not rewrite the data on the research results.
Conclusion answers the objectives of research or study based on more comprehensive meaning of results and discussion of research. Suggestions are addressed for practical action (to the participating institution), for the development of new theories, and for further research.
This section can be written in case there are certain parties need to be acknowledged, such as research sponsors. The acknowledgement must be written in brief and clear. In addition, avoid the hyperbole acknowledgment.
Manuscripts are written by using standard citation application (Mendeley/ Endnote). Reference uses APA style 6th Edition. The references used had better be the latest references published in the last 10 years since the article is written. The total literature required is 15 or more and at least 80% of them are primary sources (for example, scientific journals). References are arranged alphabetically, chronologically and typed in indentation style, single-spaced, for example:
References froum journal
Zhao, X., Jia, L. & Maes, J.H.R. 2018. Effect of achievement motivation on cognitive control adaptations. Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 30(4), 453-465. doi: 10.1080/20445911.2018.1467915